Garden State Women's Center
OBGYNs located in Hackensack, NJ
If you have fewer than nine periods a year or you experience a heavy menstrual flow, you may be encountering some of the common signs of polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS. The expert medical team at Garden State Women's Center in Hackensack, New Jersey, has helped many women manage their PCOS. If you'd like a consultation, call the office or book an appointment using the online booking agent.
What is PCOS?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder that causes an imbalance in your reproductive hormones. It affects about 10 percent of women of reproductive age.
The hormone imbalance may prevent the release of your eggs from the ovaries or the development of your eggs. The irregularity of egg release may cause the formation of multiple cysts on your ovaries, as well as infertility.
You may not realize you have PCOS until you start trying to get pregnant and have difficulty conceiving, but PCOS can develop during puberty. Getting treatment early may help prevent the development of PCOS-related complications such as heart disease and diabetes.
What are the signs of PCOS?
Knowing the signs of PCOS may help you get treatment early on. Common signs include:
- A menstrual cycle of 35 days or longer
- Heavy menstrual flow
- Difficulty losing weight
- Skin tags on your armpits or neck
- Darkening skin around your neck
PCOS may cause an increase in androgen levels, which is a male sex hormone. High androgen levels may cause the hair on your head to thin, excess facial and body hair, or severe acne.
How do you test for PCOS?
There’s no one test for PCOS, but the team at Garden State Women’s Center provides a diagnosis after getting your health history and conducting a physical and pelvic exam.
Additional tests may be necessary to confirm a diagnosis, such as blood tests to measure hormone levels and a vaginal ultrasound to measure your ovaries.
What are the treatments for PCOS?
PCOS management may require a combination of lifestyle changes and medication.
Weight loss may significantly reduce your PCOS symptoms and help restore hormone levels. The team at Garden State Women's Center may recommend a reduced-calorie diet and exercise plan to help you lose excess weight. Even instances of a modest weight loss can make a big difference.
To reduce unwanted hair, you might consider creams, electrolysis, or laser hair removal.
The team at Garden State Women’s Center may recommend medication to help control symptoms, such as
- Clomiphene, birth control pills, or progestin to regulate your period
- Letrozole to stimulate your ovaries
- Glucophage to aid in blood sugar control and insulin levels
- Spironolactone or eflornithine to reduce facial hair growth
Whether you're experiencing menstrual irregularities or need help managing your PCOS symptoms, the team at Garden State Women's Center can help. Call the office or book an appointment online today.